1:00 pm Fair Weather with Snow Squalls.
2:00 pm At 2 the Eastermost of New Years Isles Whereon Captain Cook Observed the latitude to be 55°40′S bore true South distance about 4 leagues.
6:00 pm The land about Cape St. John SSE distance 5 or 6 leagues & New Years Isle SW½S.
12:00 am Cape St. John SWBW½W 5 leagues.
2:00 am Fresh Breezes.
4:00 am Moderate and Cloudy. The extremes of Staten Land from WNW to WSW.
8:00 am Fresh Gales and Cloudy Cape St. John NW½W 10 leagues.
10:00 am Very heavy Snow Squalls at ½ past 9 we thought we saw Staten Land bearing NBW.
This Afternoon the Snow Squalls were frequent with much Wind in them which required much attention to our Sails, and was just the same all the Morning; the Night was Moderate with a Sharp cold air.
At 2 The eastermost of the New Years Isles where Captain Cook observed the Latitude to be 55°40′ bore from us true South about 4 leagues, his description of it is very just, it shews a Surface of equal height and is about 40 feet above the level of the Sea. The One next it to the S.W. is just the same.
I could see also New Years Harbour and the entrance Isles, at the back of which the land is very Cragged & Mountainous. Upon the whole this must be a very convenient place for a Ship in Want of Wood and Water to touch at, as its access is safe and easy. No Strangers need ever be in doubt of finding it out, for the New Years Isles are a safe and good Mark for it. The Harbour lies nearly S.S.E. by Compass from the N.E. part of the Eastermost Island where Captain Cook landed.
As We past the Coast about 2 leagues to Westward of Cape St. John I observed as Captain Cook has taken notice, a separation in the Mountains as if Staten land was here divided into two Islands: but I can say nothing more of it. Towards the Cape the land is of less height and not so cragged as near New Years harbour, but the Night coming on I could have no particular View of the Pitch of the Cape and at day light I was glad to find myself too far off from it.
The Longitudes of the different places as prefixed in the Second Page back, are found as follows. The Longitude by Time Keeper on 23rd March is first found from the Morning Observations and those of the Afternoon on the 24th, the X of Longitude between which and the time of their being upon the Meridian being applyed is the Longitude.